with custom turned
First let me say that there are of course
many, many different ways to build a table. Each craftsman will more then
likely have his own unique style of construction. This style may evolve from
what priorities the craftsman may have, what materials are at his disposal and
what materials and tools he may prefer to work with. In a lot of
cases cost will decide how and with what a table is constructed.
is an example of how I prefer to build a table.
First we start with
the legs. There are variety of different kinds of legs in Early American
tables. I am only able to make tapered, turned or square legs but I can
order about any style a customer could want. The table I am using as an
example on this page will have turned legs in the Irish Immigrant Style.
With a 1.5" thick top, these legs will
need to be 5.5" X 5.5" sq. X 28.5" high - for a table that will be 30"
I will be building these legs out of
Yellow Pine and have laminated, cut to size, squared up and mounted to the
lathe. I have mark out where the apron will attach to the table. This section
at the top of the leg will need to remain square to accept the apron.
||Step # 2
Now, I will start turning the basis
cylinder. Unfortunately I can not turn the leg and take pictures at the same
time so I can't really demonstrate how this is done. But by resting the
chisel on the tool rest with the "block" turning at about 1500 rpm, I will
start to remove the stock until it becomes round rather then square.
Now that I have my cylinder turned I
will need to lay out where I will want my turnings to be. You can see slight
pencil rings around the cylinder where my turning should be.
I will now start to remove the stock
round these areas using a variety of chisels and checking the depth with
calipers. I do not use a duplicator so the first one I turn will be the
pattern for the other 3.
Although these legs will be extremely
similar they will not all be perfectly the same as they
were all hand turned. Most antique tables you will find to have the same
"uniqueness" and since the eyes wants things to always be consistent, you
will never notice it unless you really look hard.
||Step # 5
Now the leg is rough turned and ready
||Step # 6
After the leg is thoroughly sanded and all the
chisel marks are removed the leg is finished and ready for the next step.
||Step # 7
The next step is one of the more uncommon
ones. I have always built my tables using mortise and tenon joints. It is a
very sturdy strong joint that has been used for centuries but is
rarely used today in table construction. Almost all antique tables will
be joined using this very basic technique.
Next the base is
assembled by slipping the glued tenons of the apron into the mortises' in
the legs and clamping them.
This Page is still under construction -
please check back later